System Thinking & Design
What is adaptive facade?
Although it is called by different names such as Adaptable, Active, Responsive, Innovative, Climate, ADAPTABLE FACADES can be defined as environmentally friendly facades that save building energy consumption while adapting to changing outdoor weather conditions and user comfort demands. The most important features of ADAPTIVE facades are their energy efficiency and environmentally friendly design.
What is SMART FACADE?
SMART Facade is an adaptive facade system integrated with HVAC.
What is the INNOVATION?
SAMRTFACADE provides a continuous air circulation with the channels created on the facade and connects them to the central HVAC system, thus creating a closed system. But SMARTFACADE innovation is not limited with this.
With the know-how of the SMARTFACADE system, we can design this closed system (and create its thermal profile) for almost all kind of building facade systems for all climatic conditions. Thus, the building envelope and the HVAC system are designed with an integrated design approach, and the building energy performance and the possibility of benefiting from renewable energy sources (RES) can be evaluated at the project stage.
Therma Profile Building
The First Building
The first pilot application of SMART FACADE operating in the real environment was carried out in Ankara-Turkey in 2020.
In appearance, the "Smart Facade" is difficult to distinguish from conventional curtain walls.
SMART FACADE is one of the most economical alternatives among "adaptive facades", due to its design very similar to existing building facades and manufacturing techniques.
The Problem & Solution
WHAT WE NEED
SMART FACADE & RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Although it is a good idea to benefit from underground heat, it cannot be applied very often due to the hygiene problem experienced in normal applications (dirt, bacteria etc. caused by condensation in the pipes) and the difficulty in integrating the air taken into the building with the existing ventilation system. SMART FACADE can receive underground air to the exhaust section of the «air channel», therefore, it does not experience any hygiene problems and is easily applied.
Although solar panels are the most promising technology in terms of building energy saving, efficiency decreases due to overheating of the back sides of the panels in the summer and the building cooling energy load increases. The air circulation inside the SMART FACADE panels solves this problem of heat and increases the efficiency of the photovoltaic panels by 10-15%.
Evaporative cooling is one of the cheapest cooling methods. It can not apply easily in buildings due to hygiene problems and lack of integration with existing ventilation. One of the most interesting features of SMART FACADE is that it can benefit from evaporative cooling without any problem. Moreover, both the evaporative cooling of the outside air and the evaporative cooling of the exhaust air can be applied in high efficiency.
The solar energy potential on facades could meet the thermal energy needs of buildings.
In addition to being an energy efficient, adaptive façade, SF is a very suitable candidate for storing solar energy as a "solar façade"
(please see the "SF with TES" page).
Contrary to popular belief, solar energy can meet a significant portion of a building's heating energy needs even during winter months. This is true for many EU countries. If we look at the EU's average HDD (heating degree day) numbers, the overall EU climate has approximately 3,000 HDDs. Analyzing solar radiation in such a climate (for example, Luxembourg), it can be observed that during winter, radiation of 300-400 W/m2 is possible for an average of 4-5 hours daily. Therefore, even in winter months, daily solar energy (Psolar) can reach about 1,200 Wh /m2.day
It consumes less energy.
The space inside the building can be saved.
Lower investment cost. (Since the facade can also be used as heating-cooling- ventilation and heat recovery device.)
The facade responds quickly to changing weather conditions.
Provides clean and healthy ventilation. Prevents sick building syndrome.
Renewable energy sources (solar and underground heat) can be integrated very easily.
Exhaust waste heat can be utilized as the dirt air of the building is exhausted (heat recovery) from façade.
Easier operation. Less moving parts. Operating maintenance costs are saved.